Abstract

This document describes Research Intent Ontology

Alternate versions of the vocabulary definition exist in Turtle, RDF/XML, and JSON-LD which also includes the @context required for metadata descriptions.

Introduction

The Research Intent Ontology is a lightweight, task-oriented framework for open research utilizing the Open Web Platform. Research cases partition research into manageable units, and make explicit the chain of questions that goes through the researcher's mind as research progresses. Research cases are intended to be powerful enough to describe the most complex and intricate of research problems, and simple enough to be useful for informal research that could be thought of more as proactive learning. Research Cases make knowledge creation explicit and allow research and knowledge to be built upon and shared openly and in context across platforms and research disciplines.

attributionName
Research Cases Community
attributionURL
https://researchcases.org
has license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Contributor
pentandra:katie-chapman
Creator
pentandra:chris-chapman
Publisher
pentandra:company
Rights
Copyright © Research Cases Community
Title
Research Intent Ontology
versionInfo
0.3.0
isDefinedBy
rio:
seeAlso
https://researchcases.org/
https://pentandra.com/solutions/research-intent-ontology/
Preferred Namespace Prefix
rio
Preferred Namespace Uri
https://w3id.org/rio#
has equivalences with
mp:
similar
mp:

This specification makes use of the following namespaces:

cc
http://creativecommons.org/ns#
dc
http://purl.org/dc/terms/
foaf
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/
mp
http://purl.org/mp/
oa
http://www.w3.org/ns/oa#
owl
http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
pentandra
https://pentandra.com/company#
prov
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#
rdf
http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#
rdfs
http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#
rio
https://w3id.org/rio#
vann
http://purl.org/vocab/vann/
voaf
http://purl.org/vocommons/voaf#
vs
http://www.w3.org/2003/06/sw-vocab-status/ns#
xsd
http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#

Class Definitions

The following are class definitions in the rio namespace:

rio:Information Information Інформація

Data with context and meaning. Much of the stuff on the document web is information.

isDefinedBy
rio:
more info
https://pentandra.com/research/process/#information
term status
testing
rio:Researcher Researcher Дослідник

A person who researches

isDefinedBy
rio:
subClassOf
prov:Agent
term status
testing
rio:SpecificResource Specific Resource

Instances of the SpecificResource class identify part of another resource, as used for research.

isDefinedBy
rio:
subClassOf
oa:ResourceSelection
term status
testing
rio:ResearchContext Research Context Контекст Дослідження

A collection of research cases that are related somehow. A research context.

isDefinedBy
rio:
term status
unstable
rio:ResearchObject Research Object

The object of research, i.e. whatever is being studied, searched, browsed, measured, etc. by a human or machine.

isDefinedBy
rio:
subClassOf
rio:SpecificResource
term status
testing
rio:ResearchCase Research Case Випадок Дослідження

An explicit focus on a single question, encompassing everything leading to its conclusion. Also could be thought of as an affordance to research, or an articulated intention to find an answer to a question. The fundamental unit of research.

isDefinedBy
rio:
subClassOf
rio:ResearchContext
term status
stable
rio:ResearchArtifact Research Artifact

The static output of a research process.

isDefinedBy
rio:
term status
testing
rio:Conclusion Conclusion Висновок

An answer to a research question.

isDefinedBy
rio:
subClassOf
rio:Information
term status
testing
rio:Trajectory Trajectory траєкторія

The trajectory is the path that the researcher moves along as research progresses. The researcher's trajectory is adjusted constantly in highly idiosyncratic ways. This term supports the intuition that all researchers have different levels of knowledge and experience, and will eventually (hopefully) converge on truth.

isDefinedBy
rio:
more info
http://psztajn.ced.ncsu.edu/ltbi/?page_id=1577
term status
unstable
rio:Question Question Питання

A research question. Represents the direction that the researcher intends to take the research. The next thing that needs to be explored, or direction that the research needs to go.

isDefinedBy
rio:
term status
stable
rio:ResearchAffordance Research Affordance

Something that affords research to be done.

isDefinedBy
rio:
term status
testing
rio:Hypothesis Hypothesis Гіпотеза

A statement to test. A possible, though unproven, answer to a research question.

isDefinedBy
rio:
subClassOf
rio:Conclusion
term status
testing
rio:Evidence Evidence Свідоцтво

Information that could be used, in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, to answer a question, or that has bearing on the answer to a question. Evidence only exists in the context of a question.

isDefinedBy
rio:
more info
https://pentandra.com/research/process/#evidence
term status
testing
rio:Analysis Analysis Аналіз

Some sort of presentation of the evidence. Could be a domain-specific representation.

isDefinedBy
rio:
term status
testing

Property Definitions

The following are property definitions in the rio namespace:

rio:question question питання

The question the researcher is intending to answer next. The aim the researcher is taking for his, her, or its next step. The angle of inclination that will determine the trajectory that the research will take.

domain
rio:ResearchCase
isDefinedBy
rio:
range
rio:Question
seeAlso
rio:Trajectory
term status
stable
rio:triggeredBy triggered by

Whatever prompted or triggered this question.

domain
rio:Question
isDefinedBy
rio:
range
rio:ResearchObject
term status
testing
rio:analysis analysis

An analysis of evidence pertinent to the question in this research case.

domain
rio:ResearchCase
isDefinedBy
rio:
range
rio:Analysis
term status
stable
rio:acceptedConclusion accepted conclusion

The currently accepted conclusion to the question in this research case.

domain
rio:ResearchCase
isDefinedBy
rio:
range
rio:Conclusion
term status
stable
rio:source source

The source of the information.

domain
rio:Information
isDefinedBy
rio:
term status
unstable
rio:evidence evidence

A bit of evidence used in an analysis.

domain
rio:Analysis
isDefinedBy
rio:
range
rio:Evidence
term status
testing
rio:conclusion conclusion

The conclusion of an analytical process that provides an answer to the question in this research case.

domain
rio:Analysis
isDefinedBy
rio:
range
rio:Conclusion
term status
testing

Term Definitions

Analysis
https://w3id.org/rio#Analysis
Conclusion
https://w3id.org/rio#Conclusion
Evidence
https://w3id.org/rio#Evidence
Hypothesis
https://w3id.org/rio#Hypothesis
Information
https://w3id.org/rio#Information
Question
https://w3id.org/rio#Question
ResearchAffordance
https://w3id.org/rio#ResearchAffordance
ResearchArtifact
https://w3id.org/rio#ResearchArtifact
ResearchCase
https://w3id.org/rio#ResearchCase
ResearchContext
https://w3id.org/rio#ResearchContext
ResearchObject
https://w3id.org/rio#ResearchObject
Researcher
https://w3id.org/rio#Researcher
SpecificResource
https://w3id.org/rio#SpecificResource
Trajectory
https://w3id.org/rio#Trajectory
acceptedConclusion
https://w3id.org/rio#acceptedConclusion
analysis
https://w3id.org/rio#analysis
cc
http://creativecommons.org/ns#
conclusion
https://w3id.org/rio#conclusion
dc
http://purl.org/dc/terms/
evidence
https://w3id.org/rio#evidence
foaf
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/
mp
http://purl.org/mp/
oa
http://www.w3.org/ns/oa#
owl
http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
pentandra
https://pentandra.com/company#
prov
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#
question
https://w3id.org/rio#question
rdf
http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#
rdfs
http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#
rio
https://w3id.org/rio#
source
https://w3id.org/rio#source
triggeredBy
https://w3id.org/rio#triggeredBy
vann
http://purl.org/vocab/vann/
voaf
http://purl.org/vocommons/voaf#
vs
http://www.w3.org/2003/06/sw-vocab-status/ns#
xsd
http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#