Abstract

This document describes Research Cases Core Vocabulary

Alternate versions of the vocabulary definition exist in Turtle, RDF/XML, and JSON-LD which also includes the @context required for metadata descriptions.

Introduction

The Research Cases vocabulary is a lightweight, task-oriented framework for open research utilizing the Open Web Platform. Research cases partition research into manageable units, and make explicit the chain of questions that goes through the researcher's mind as research progresses. Research cases are intended to be powerful enough to describe the most complex and intricate of research problems, and simple enough to be useful for informal research that could be thought of more as proactive learning. Research Cases make knowledge creation explicit and allow research and knowledge to be built upon and shared openly and in context across platforms and research disciplines.

attributionName
Research Cases Community
attributionURL
https://researchcases.org
has license
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Contributor
pentandra:katie-chapman
Creator
pentandra:chris-chapman
Publisher
pentandra:company
Rights
Copyright © Research Cases Community
Title
Research Cases Core Vocabulary
versionInfo
0.3.0
isDefinedBy
rcases:
seeAlso
https://pentandra.com/spec/research/research-cases/
https://researchcases.org/
Preferred Namespace Prefix
rcases
Preferred Namespace Uri
https://w3id.org/research/cases#
has equivalences with
mp:
similar
mp:

This specification makes use of the following namespaces:

cc
http://creativecommons.org/ns#
dc
http://purl.org/dc/terms/
foaf
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/
mp
http://purl.org/mp/
owl
http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
pentandra
https://pentandra.com/company#
prov
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#
rcases
https://w3id.org/research/cases#
rdf
http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#
rdfs
http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#
vann
http://purl.org/vocab/vann/
voaf
http://purl.org/vocommons/voaf#
vs
http://www.w3.org/2003/06/sw-vocab-status/ns#
xsd
http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#

Class Definitions

The following are class definitions in the rcases namespace:

rcases:Question Question Питання

A research question. Represents the direction that the researcher intends to take the research. The next thing that needs to be explored, or direction that the research needs to go.

isDefinedBy
rcases:
term status
stable
rcases:Trajectory Trajectory траєкторія

The trajectory is the path that the researcher moves along as research progresses. The researcher's trajectory is adjusted constantly in highly idiosyncratic ways. This term supports the intuition that all researchers have different levels of knowledge and experience, and will eventually (hopefully) converge on truth.

isDefinedBy
rcases:
more info
http://psztajn.ced.ncsu.edu/ltbi/?page_id=1577
term status
unstable
rcases:ResearchCase Research Case Випадок Дослідження

An explicit focus on a single question, encompassing everything leading to its conclusion. Also could be thought of as an affordance to research, or an articulated intention to find an answer to a question. The fundamental unit of research.

isDefinedBy
rcases:
subClassOf
prov:Plan
term status
stable
rcases:Evidence Evidence Свідоцтво

Information that could be used, in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, to answer a question, or that has bearing on the answer to a question. Evidence only exists in the context of a question.

isDefinedBy
rcases:
more info
https://pentandra.com/research/process/#dfn:evidence
term status
testing
rcases:Information Information Інформація

Data with context and meaning. Much of the stuff on the document web is information.

isDefinedBy
rcases:
more info
https://pentandra.com/research/process/#dfn:information
term status
testing
rcases:LearningContext Learning Context

Whatever is being studied, searched, browsed, measured, etc. in order for a human or machine to learn something.

isDefinedBy
rcases:
term status
stable
rcases:Analysis Analysis Аналіз

Some sort of presentation of the evidence. Could be a domain-specific representation.

isDefinedBy
rcases:
term status
testing
rcases:ResearchContext Research Context Контекст Дослідження

A collection of research cases that are related somehow. A research context.

isDefinedBy
rcases:
term status
unstable
rcases:Researcher Researcher Дослідник

A person who researches

isDefinedBy
rcases:
subClassOf
prov:Agent
term status
testing
rcases:Hypothesis Hypothesis Гіпотеза

A statement to test. A possible, though unproven, answer to a research question.

isDefinedBy
rcases:
subClassOf
rcases:Conclusion
term status
testing
rcases:Conclusion Conclusion Висновок

An answer to a research question.

isDefinedBy
rcases:
subClassOf
rcases:Information
term status
testing

Property Definitions

The following are property definitions in the rcases namespace:

rcases:conclusion conclusion

The conclusion of an analytical process that provides an answer to the question in this research case.

domain
rcases:Analysis
isDefinedBy
rcases:
range
rcases:Conclusion
term status
testing
rcases:source source

The source of the information.

domain
rcases:Information
isDefinedBy
rcases:
term status
unstable
rcases:acceptedConclusion accepted conclusion

The currently accepted conclusion to the question in this research case.

domain
rcases:ResearchCase
isDefinedBy
rcases:
range
rcases:Conclusion
term status
stable
rcases:triggeredBy triggered by

The learning context, if any, that prompted or triggered this question.

domain
rcases:Question
isDefinedBy
rcases:
range
rcases:LearningContext
term status
testing
rcases:analysis analysis

An analysis of evidence pertinent to the question in this research case.

domain
rcases:ResearchCase
isDefinedBy
rcases:
range
rcases:Analysis
term status
stable
rcases:question question питання

The question the researcher is intending to answer next. The aim the researcher is taking for his, her, or its next step. The angle of inclination that will determine the trajectory that the research will take.

domain
rcases:ResearchCase
isDefinedBy
rcases:
range
rcases:Question
seeAlso
rcases:Trajectory
term status
stable
rcases:evidence evidence

A bit of evidence used in an analysis.

domain
rcases:Analysis
isDefinedBy
rcases:
range
rcases:Evidence
term status
testing

Term Definitions

Analysis
https://w3id.org/research/cases#Analysis
Conclusion
https://w3id.org/research/cases#Conclusion
Evidence
https://w3id.org/research/cases#Evidence
Hypothesis
https://w3id.org/research/cases#Hypothesis
Information
https://w3id.org/research/cases#Information
LearningContext
https://w3id.org/research/cases#LearningContext
Question
https://w3id.org/research/cases#Question
ResearchCase
https://w3id.org/research/cases#ResearchCase
ResearchContext
https://w3id.org/research/cases#ResearchContext
Researcher
https://w3id.org/research/cases#Researcher
Trajectory
https://w3id.org/research/cases#Trajectory
acceptedConclusion
https://w3id.org/research/cases#acceptedConclusion
analysis
https://w3id.org/research/cases#analysis
cc
http://creativecommons.org/ns#
conclusion
https://w3id.org/research/cases#conclusion
dc
http://purl.org/dc/terms/
evidence
https://w3id.org/research/cases#evidence
foaf
http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/
mp
http://purl.org/mp/
owl
http://www.w3.org/2002/07/owl#
pentandra
https://pentandra.com/company#
prov
http://www.w3.org/ns/prov#
question
https://w3id.org/research/cases#question
rcases
https://w3id.org/research/cases#
rdf
http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#
rdfs
http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#
source
https://w3id.org/research/cases#source
triggeredBy
https://w3id.org/research/cases#triggeredBy
vann
http://purl.org/vocab/vann/
voaf
http://purl.org/vocommons/voaf#
vs
http://www.w3.org/2003/06/sw-vocab-status/ns#
xsd
http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#